MARKING SCHEMES - Leaving Cert & Junior Cert. EXAMS

Leaving Certificate:

Leaving Certificate Art Higher Level
Still Life Total  - Marks 100
Materials may include a wide variety of papers and media such as pencil, graphite, charcoal, ink and brush, crayons, paint, conté, etc. The combining of various media and materials is acceptable.

The degree to which the candidate visualises and conveys the essence of the descriptive passage based on its sense and meaning in the design of an Imaginative Composition or Still Life arrangement.
Refer to
• the candidate’s statement
• relevance to the descriptive passage.

The degree to which the candidate composes and organises two-dimensional space.
Refer to
• arrangement of the elements in a personal, well-balanced harmonious Imag Comp or Still Life composition.
• organisational art elements: positive and negative space, balance, tension, contrast, scale etc.
• the translation of the candidate’s interpretation to a 2D representation on the A2 sheet in keeping with descriptive passage.

Art Elements
The degree to which the candidate utilises art elements to create an individual interpretation and expressive response to the chosen question.
Refer to
• employment of art elements: line, tone, shape, form, texture, colour
• where intended, the manner in which the 2D representation suggests 3D solidity by using any medium or technique (or combination), including line.

Personal Creative Response
The degree to which the candidate makes a unique and personal response to the question
Refer to
• the candidate’s individual style in the use of media and materials in response to the chosen question relating to the descriptive passage.
• media, style and expressive elements.

The Finished Work
The degree to which the candidate demonstrates proficiency in the technical and compositional elements employed
Refer to
• technical skills
• skills in relation to realising intentions
• overall impact of the finished piece

Leaving Certificate Art Higher Level
Life Sketching Total 50 marks

Materials may include a variety of papers and media including pencil, graphite, charcoal, ink and brush,
crayons, paint, conte, etc. The combining of various media and materials is acceptable

Pose 1:
Short pose (15 mins) 20 marks: a wide range of approach appropriate to Higher Level is acceptable including swift gesture drawings. Indicating the background context is acceptable.

A Composition 5marks
composition: use of the sheet as a whole; use of positive and negative
Refer to
personal creative response: the full figure must be attempted in the pose
as stated in the examination paper.

B Proportion 5marks
 anatomical correctness of the drawing: the relationship of parts to the
Refer to

C Tone/Line 5marks
 use of light and shade in chosen medium as an integral aspect of
depiction of three-dimensional form.
Refer to
shading or line quality/weight; creative use of media.

D Form/Volume 5marks
 the 2D representation of the 3D solidity of the body through the use of
any medium or technique, or combination, including line.
Refer to

Total: 20marks

Long Pose 2 (30 mins): 30 Marks: a more detailed study of the body: head and shoulders or complete figure.
Both very detailed drawings and strong expressive drawing are acceptable.

A Composition 6marks
Composition: use of negative space, the sheet as a whole, indicating the
background context is acceptable. Individual interpretation of and personal
expressive response to the complete figure or head and shoulders/half figure
option as stated in the pose: personal selection of material and media.
Refer to

B Proportion 6marks
Anatomical correctness of the drawing: (the relationship of parts to the whole)
of the complete figure or head and shoulders/half figure option as stated in the
pose; full figure or head and shoulders should be attempted.
Refer to

C Tone/Line 6marks
Use of light and shade in chosen medium and materials as an integral aspect of
the drawing; line drawing leading to individual interpretation and expressive
response; individual interpretation and expressive response/personal selection
of material and media-style.
Refer to

D Form/Volume 6marks
 How the 2D representation suggests the 3D solidity of the body by using any
medium or technique, including line, leading to individual interpretation and
expressive response.
Refer to

E Detail 6marks
The detailed treatment of aspect/s of the figure as an integral part of the
drawing of the complete figure or head and shoulders/half figure option as
stated in the pose.
Refer to
Overall impact of the finished piece.
How the candidate demonstrates proficiency in technical and compositional
elements in order to create a personal individual response .

Total – 30marks


Leaving Certificate Hons level art
Preparatory sketches (research sheet) (A2 size sheet) are done a week before the exam and should indicate that the candidate has:
·         researched his/her chosen question from the exam paper.
·         gathered relevant information through sketches, colour studies, textural studies, materials etc.
·          begun to develop ideas.
The final design proposal should not be developed at this stage.

Development of Ideas
1) Sketches 10
Preliminary sketches (A2) are done in the exam and the candidate should demonstrate the
ability to
􀂃 analyse the work done on the preparatory/research sheet.
􀂃 tease out ideas and so lead to a final design proposal.
􀂃 indicate the technique to be use to make the poster.
The work presented on this sheet should show a significant development from the preparatory sheet.
The 10 marks are awarded for this sheet.

2) Design Suitability 5
The design proposal should be
􀂃 relevant to the question that the candidate has selected on the exam paper.
􀂃 communicate the message of the poster.
􀂃 feasible to execute within the timeframe of the exam.

3) Design Development 10
The candidate’s design should
􀂃 be developed through the preliminary sketches.
􀂃 be of Leaving Certificate standard (OL/HL).
􀂃 show visual awareness.
Use ofColour/Light 5
The candidate should demonstrate an ability to communicate
􀂃 through the use of colour.
􀂃 through the use of images.

 Interpretation 10
 The candidate should demonstrate
􀂃 an imaginative and creative approach to the question.
􀂃 an ability to develop ideas.
􀂃 an ability to critically analyse work in progress and to make adjustments where appropriate.

Technique 10
The candidate should
􀂃 employ an appropriate technique to carry out his/her design.
􀂃 demonstrate proficiency in the chosen technique.
􀂃 show an awareness of good practice .. personalised lettering, stenciled or hand rendered.


Realisation 10
The finished poster should be
􀂃 the execution of the design proposed in the preliminary sheet.
􀂃 technically correct.

 Layout 10
The candidate should
􀂃 display the confidence in layout.
􀂃 display some awareness of the capabilities of the chosen medium.
􀂃 demonstrate an awareness of various techniques employed in hand made posters.
􀂃 be aware of the harmonisation of graphics and typography.

Lettering style10
The candidate should show and awareness
􀂃 of the importance of good construction of lettering.
􀂃 of typography appropriate to the message
􀂃 of the importance of symbolism in graphic communication.

Images 10
The work presented
􀂃 should be constructed and finished to a degree that it fulfills the design brief (exam question).
􀂃 should communicate the message in a clear manner.

The candidate should
􀂃 manipulate colour so that it is effective in conveying the message of the poster
􀂃 select colour to attract attention
􀂃 be aware of the psychology of colour.

Junior Certificate Art Project - MARKING SCHEME

Examination Requirements

 The 300 marks for this project are allocated as follows:


 75 marks – PREPARATION: research and investigation using a variety of media

 75 marks – DEVELOPMENT: studies showing individual creative steps

 120 marks – REALISATION: the completed 2D and 3D works

 30 marks – SUPPORT STUDIES: visual and written material relating to the project.



1. Your PREPARATION STUDIES are a very important part of your project. You are asked to spend time carefully considering the themes on the examination paper before making your choice.

 Choose a theme that best suits your interests. You should interpret the theme in a way that is inventive and relevant. You must be able to research the subject matter of your theme thoroughly in a visual way, for example: by drawing, making colour studies, using photography, making three-dimensional studies and other ways of recording what you see and imagine. In doing this you will produce a collection of images and research ideas which you must then develop. You must use your own observed and / or imagined images. You should not depend on copying or tracing images.


2. DEVELOPMENT involves exploring, considering and reconsidering the ideas you have produced

 in your Preparation Studies in new and different ways as your work progresses. You must regularly review the work you have done in order to identify its successes and failures to help you
to decide what to do next. Your Development should show how your ideas and techniques progress.



3. The REALISATION stage of your Project follows on from your Preparation Studies and Development, where you make your finished 2D and 3D works. Realisation involves identifying
what to make and choosing appropriate materials and techniques to carry out your plan to the highest possible standard. You must do this in the school under the supervision of your teacher and
the work must NOT be removed from the school before the examination is marked in June.



4. Your SUPPORT STUDIES should reflect your project. By studying work from both past and present you will understand and appreciate how artists, craftworkers and
designers work with particular themes and techniques. Support Studies can be in and written format and should relate to, and reinforce, the processes undertaken in the
2D, the 3D and Option areas of your project.


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