Wednesday 20 November 2019

LCert essay - 2017 Q. 8

Wed. 20th November.

L.cert Art group - please answer the following question - start in Fridays class & hand up Monday 25th Nov:

Q.8) The scenes of judgment and damnation found in Romanesque sculpture contrast greatly with the more serene imagery used in Gothic sculpture. 
Discuss this statement with reference to one named example of Romanesque sculpture and one named example of Gothic sculpture. 
In your answer refer to subject matter, composition, style and treatment of the human figure. 

and ....

Briefly describe and discuss the main features of Gothic architecture. 

 Illustrate your answer. 

Monday 18 November 2019

LC essay - 2013 Q. 8

Tuesday 18th Nov.

Lcert. Art group - please complete the following essay for Friday 22nd Nov. (you will get the notes on stained glass during the week).
I have added the marking scheme for this question below - please read it before answering the question. Include your sketches. 

2013) Q. 8 

Q. 8) The façade of a Gothic cathedral must have made a powerful impression on approaching worshipers. Discuss this statement with reference to one named Gothic cathedral you have studied. 
In your discussion refer to architectural features and sculptural decoration. 

 and ....

 Briefly describe the role of stained-glass in a Gothic cathedral. 

 Illustrate your answer. 

A) Discussion of statement referring to named Gothic cathedral.  - 10 

B) Discussion of statement referring to architectural features and sculptural decoration of the façade of your chosen cathedral.  - 20 

C) Briefly describe the role of stained glass in a Gothic Cathedral.  - 10 

D) Sketches.  - 10 

Total:  50 

Friday 15 November 2019

LCert - NOTES for Art history - Romanesque Sculpture

Friday 15th Nov. 

Leaving cert art group please take down the following notes in your hardback notes copies where we had left off on Friday please.

REMINDER: We are focusing on art history for the next 2 weeks.

Romanesque Sculpture

Architectural sculpture gave the church a new and powerful medium for teaching the word of God.  Most people were illiterate, but could now ‘read’ the stories of Jesus and the saints over and over in the form of sculpture on the churches.
 Some Romanesque facades were modeled in Roman triumphal arches and had life size figures of saints on either side of the door.  Many, however, had chilling images of God the farther in dramatic last judgment scenes sculpted on a monumental scale and placed on the great tympanum (semi circular shape) over the doors for pilgrims to see as they entered the church.

Death & the grotesque
Death in medieval times was understood in a very different way.  In Christian religious teaching, death was a passage to the next, more important life, and every dying person faced the question of whether they would receive mercy from God or face the eternal damnation of hell.
For this reason, Romanesque art produced a greater wealth of images of death in all its forms than any other period in the history of Western art.  At a time of deep religious faith, a medieval believer entering the house of God was faced with the most terrible images that imagination could conjure up of the end of the world and a God of vengeance sitting in judgment.  The grotesque images of devils, demons and tormented souls were intended to create a fear of hell and other fantastic creatures, but also in the representation of the human figure.  No attempt was made to portray God or the saints in a natural way.  Instead they were blocky, dignified and unreal or depicted as strange, elongated beings in a swirl of limbs and drapery. 

Sculpture on Romanesque churches
Some of the most important impressive Romanesque sculptures are found at the cathedrals of St Mary Magdalene in Vazelay and saint Lazare of Autun.

St Mary Magdalene in Vezelay
Inside the western portal over the doorway in the narthex (entrance or outer porch) is the great tympanum of the Pentecost (Christ brining the holy spirit to his apostals in the form of fire).  A massive Christ sits serenely inside a mandorla (oval shaped halo) with his arms thrown open, symbolizing the glory of his resurrection.  His beautifully pleated robe is arranged in whirling patterns, and from his hands the flames of the Holy Spirit fall to the apostels’ heads, giving them the strength to teach the word of God to all races depicted above and below.  None of the sculptors who created the wonderful saints, angels and devils carved into scenes of the capitals of the pillars at each intersection of the nave of Vezelay signed their work, so they remain anonymous works of art.  Many display imagery typical of the Romanesque fascination with the grotesque, but the church’s most interesting as well as beautiful capital is its most famous: The mystic Mill, which shows moses pouring grain into a mill while St Paul the apostle gathers the flour.  The grain represents the law given to Moses and the mill symbolizes Christ.

Saint – Lazare in Autun (Church)

The Tympanum
Pilgrims entering the church of Saint Lazare at Autun passed beneath the great tympanum in the west facing doorway.  As they ascended the steps, the dramatic scene that met them was calculated to inspire hope, but it also put fear into the hearts of sinners.  ‘The weighing of souls’ at Autun is probably the most famous Romanesque last judgement scene, particularly as the artist chose to sign it.

The Last Judgement
A huge figure of impassive Christ sits on his throne in the centre of a world filled with tiny figures of souls rising form their tombs as angels sound the last trumpet.  St Peter, with a large key, welcomes the saved to Paradise, while the damned are dragged in dramatic fashion to hell by grotesque demons.

The Weighing of Souls
On the lintel below Christ’s feet on the left, the damned are driven from him, naked, by an angel with a flaming sword, while giant hands grip a tormented soul.  Various forms of sin are depicted here – a miser has his heavy money bags and an adulteress is being gnawed by snakes.  Above their heads, an impassive archangel Michael weighs the souls while terrified figures hide beneath his robes.  A grotesque devil tries to pull down the scale and another sits in it to make it heavier, before a laughing demon pours those condemned forever down a chute towards the gaping jaws of hell and the fires below.

Gislebertus: Romanesque sculptor

It was a rare occurrence in medieval art for an artist to sign his work, but the sculptor of Autun has placed his name Gislebertus hoc Fecit beneath Christ for all to see.
It is known that Gislebertus trained at Cluny and probably worked as an assistant at Vezelay, but he was by now a mature artist and this was his crowning glory.  The unique style of elongated figures and exaggerated expressions is particularly and very distinctively his own.
The last judgment theme has an intensity not seen before and the scale and drama of the imagery could not have failed to inspire awe in an impressionable pilgrim visitor, particularly as it would have been painted in full colour.  Gislebertus, like all good storytellers, seems to have had a taste of horror, and the gruesome scene conveys the impression that the artist relished the opportunity to portray this one in all its horrific detail.

Carved capitals in Autun
The capitals on the supporting piers inside the cathedral were all carved by Gislebertus himself and also show his skill as a sculptor and storyteller.  Some of the best are from the pillars of the choir.  On these, fine ornamental foliage is combined with figures in expert fashion.  However, their key element is the story itself and the simplicity of its telling.

Tuesday 12 November 2019

5th year Art history essay 2017 Q. 1

Tues 12th Nov.

Fifth years please complete the following essay for Monday 18th November.  I have added the marking scheme below the question so please read this once you have read the question to see where the marks are going.  Your answer should be 3 full scap pages long and include drawings.  Please read the question carefully.

Given out: Wed. 13th Nov.
Deadline: Mon. 18th Nov.

2017 Q. 1 - Higher Level

 1. There are many documented Stone Age tombs in Ireland that reveal a wealth of information about the lives of the people who built them. 
Discuss this statement with reference to two named stone tombs that you have studied. In your answer refer to the structure, function and location of each of the examples you have chosen.
 Briefly describe and discuss the motifs and stone working techniques used to decorate Stone Age tombs.

 Illustrate your answer.


A) Two named stone tombs - 10

B)  Discussion of statement and description and discussion of stone tomb one referring to structure, function and location.  - 10 

C) Discussion of statement and description and discussion of stone tomb two referring to structure, function and location.  - 10 

D) Brief description and discussion of the motifs and stone working techniques used to decorate Stone Age tombs.  - 10 ( 5 for motifs,   5 for stone working techniques )

E) Sketches - 10 

Total: 50

Christmas Art Exam Dates/ reminders for ALL year groups

Tuesday 12th Nov.

Below I have added in information on your Christmas examinations that take place from Wednesday 27th , Thursday 28th and Friday 29th November.  I have spoken to each year group individually about what you need to prepare, bring in or have submitted for your Christmas exam.  I have added in reminders below.

First Year Art: 

DATE: Thursday 28th Nov. Classes 5 and 6
You have to bring an object of your choice to the art exam to draw (in pencil only) from the themes that you have been given. Bring your own equipment ie. drawing pencils, rubber, ruler etc and the object but A3 drawing paper will be provided on the day.

Second Year Art: 

DATE: Thursday 28th Nov. Classes 4,5 and 6

50% - Sketchbook work Sept - Nov 
50% - Still life drawing (object of your choice) done on the day 
You must do your still life drawing in your A3 sketchpad and hand this up at the end of the art exam (ensure your name is written clearly on the front)

Third Year Art:

DATE:  Wednesday 27th Nov. Classes 7, 8 and 9

50% - Still life observational drawing exam - You have to bring object of your choice to the exam

50% - CBA2 phase 1 Sketchbook work (minimum 10 pages) - Deadline for this project is 28th Nov. work can't be submitted after this date.

Drawing paper will be provided on the day of the art exam.

5th Year Art:

DATE: Thursday 28th Nov. Classes 7, 8 and 8.

50% - Art history exam - past exam paper essay 
50% - Practical work (your sketchbook - initial research sheet, development sheets 1 and 2.

Drawing paper will be provided on the day of the art exam.

Leaving Cert. Art:

DATE: Wed. 27th Nov. Classes 4, 5 and 6.

Art history exam which is based on a past exam paper H.L question from the Irish Art Section of the course. 

5th year - Reminders & Christmas Exam Info.

Tues 12th Nov.

The deadline for the practical project is Monday 25th November.  On this date the first section of the sketchbook project needs to be submitted - Initial research sheet, development sheet 1 and development sheet 2.

Christmas exam: 

  • 50% will be based on the sketchbook 
  • 50% for the Art history exam - this will be based on a past exam paper question (essay)

Monday 11 November 2019

LC art history essay 2009 Q. 8 - For Friday 15th Nov.

Monday 11th Nov.

Please continue with your Initial Research sheets this week - These must be complete for Friday 15th also - make sure that you work on them at home this week. 

Leaving Cert Art - Complete the following essay for this Friday 15th Nov.

Q.8) During the Gothic period in Europe, the range and style of religious sculpture developed significantly.
Discuss this statement in relation to a named examples of Gothic sculpture you have studied.

Emphasize the treatment of the human figure in your answer. and Name a Gothic church you have studied and discuss briefly the relationship between its architecture and sculpture.

 Use sketches to illustrate your answer.